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Ogoni Land

Facts about Ogoni Land:

  • The Ogoni Kingdom, the Ogonis are one of the many indigenous people in Nigeria.
  • The Ogoni land span over 404-square-mile with about 1.5 million people living in Ogoni homeland.
  • The Ogoni languages of Khana, Gokana, Tae (Tẹẹ), Eleme, and Ban Ogoi is the predominant language being spoken among the major Christian dominated population.
  • The Ogoni land is located in Rivers State on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea, east of the city of Port Harcourt.
  • It extends across the Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Khana, Gokhana, Eleme and Tae.
  • According to oral tradition, the Ogoni people migrated from ancient Ghana down to the Atlantic coast before making their way over to the eastern Niger Delta.
  • Traditionally, the Ogoni are know for agriculture like; livestock herding, fishing, salt and palm oil cultivation and trade.
  • In 1956, Royal Dutch/Shell, in collaboration with the British government, found a commercially viable oil field on the Niger Delta of Nigeria which includes Ogoni land.
  • In a 15-year period from 1976 to 1991 there were reportedly 2,976 oil spills of about 2.1 million barrels of oil in Ogoniland, accounting for about 40% of the total oil spills of the Royal Dutch/Shell company worldwide.
  • In a 2011 assessment of over 200 locations in Ogoniland by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), they found that impacts of the 50 years of oil production in the region extended deeper than thought.
  • Because of oil spills, oil flaring, and waste discharge, the alluvial soil of the Niger Delta  is no longer viable for agriculture.
  • UNEP estimated that it could take up to 30 years to rehabilitate Ogoniland to its full potential and that the first five years of rehabilitation would need funding of about US$1 billion.
  • On 2nd June, 2016 the Nigeria government commenced the cleaning up of Ogoni water and land that had been polluted by oil spilled of more than fifty years.
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